Green AIdeas & nyris

In an era where sustainability is paramount, the intersection of AI and green initiatives is a topic of growing interest. At a recent GreenAIdeas event, we explored two perspectives: how AI can contribute to greener practices, and how we can make AI itself more sustainable. Karthik Govindappa, nyris’ Head of Data Science and Machine Learning, presented one of nyris’ initiatives to make our machine learning models more sustainable.

The Dual Challenge

The challenge is twofold. On one hand, we want to leverage AI to make processes and systems more optimized, like nyris and its visual search solution for spare parts and products. AI helps our users identify what they are seeing with just one click. But on the other hand, we need to ensure that the AI models we develop are themselves efficient and environmentally friendly, because two thirds of the energy used to run applications in your phone, doesn’t come from your phone. The energy comes from servers which are running our models on the cloud. The problem is, there is no cloud, it's just another computer, and that computer uses the same carbon based energy like everything else.

A Search-Based Approach

Our approach to this challenge is to treat it as a search problem. We sift through our database of information to find the right solutions. This involves extending our search capabilities and upgrading information to provide our customers with the most environmentally friendly models.

The Role of Models

Models play a crucial role in our business. We use neural networks to compress image data into code, which we then feed into our search engine. This dynamic component of our pipeline serves diverse customers and requires constant updates to ensure satisfaction.

The Experimentation Cycle

Updating and replacing models is a cyclical process. It involves gathering requirements, collecting the right data, training and validating models, and finally deploying them. However, this cycle is expensive in terms of time, resources, and environmental impact.

Simplifying the Process

To simplify this process, we've developed a method of cherry-picking models. This involves two levels of selection. The first level involves selecting models that are compatible with our machine learning framework. The second level involves a more specific selection process based on our problem statement.

Clustering Analysis

We employ a clustering analysis to further refine our model selection. This involves working with image embeddings and evaluating how well these embeddings are clustered. The result is a shortlist of models that perform well in our specific use case.

Fine-Tuning and Results

Once we've shortlisted our models, we put them through a fine-tuning process. The results have been promising, with a significant reduction in the number of models required for experimentation.

The Takeaway

Our initial experiments have been encouraging, and we're excited to apply this approach to more practical problems. Not only does this method simplify the model selection process, but it also saves time and resources, making the process more sustainable.

Future Directions

We're keen to quantify the impact of this approach on our mission and extend this study to other domains. We're also interested in exploring how this method can be applied to other types of data, such as 3D data.

In conclusion, our approach to green AI is a testament to the power of sustainable practices in the field of machine learning. By simplifying our processes and making them more efficient, we're contributing to a greener future for AI.

Digital Innovation
Visual search
Green AIdeas & nyris
Tech Evangelist
Leonardo Palma Batista
Leonardo Batista is currently a Tech Evangelist at nyris, with extensive experience in AI sales, consultancy and law, Leo is on a mission to expand Visual AI awareness across industries.

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